GUSTAV MANZ (1865-1946) was a German-born jeweller/goldsmith who worked in New York City for many well-known merchants such as Tiffany; Marcus; Cartier; A.A. Vantine; Shreve, Crump & Low; Gillot & Co; Ferdinand Hotz; Raymond Yard; Bailey, Banks& Biddle; J.E. Caldwell; Black, Starr & Frost-Gorham. Prior to setting up his own studio off Union Square (later Rockefeller Center), Manz was associated with Chas. Bachem & Co. and Walter P. McTeigue. Private clients included several notable women in decorative design and applied arts: Eleanor Evans Klapp (Chicago Art Institute graduate and suffragette who exhibited her own jewelry at the 1900 Paris Exhibition Universelle; her son, Eugene, was the first editor of House Beautiful); Sally James Farnham (sculptor and wife of Paulding Farnham); Edith Douglas Deane (Vassar-educated interior designer and art dealer); Marie Azeez El-Khoury (Lebanese-born owner of a fashionable Park Avenue boutique); Isabelle M. Coles (Cooper Union graduate employed by Tiffany before establishing her own shop on East 57th Street).